Before mounting the hard drive into the selected area, you will need to configure jumper settings on the hard drive so that it can peacefully co-exist with other components inside of the computer.
Jumper settings are a way of identifying what designation a particular storage component plays within the computer.
A jumper setting is a term that refers to the how the drive is configured within the computer. These jumper settings take the form of plastic coverings that short out a series of pins on the back of the hard drive to designate the particular function of the drive.
If the drive's jumper settings are configured as a master device, the other device connected to the same data cable must be configured as the slave device.
If the hard drive being installed is configured as a slave device, then the other storage drive must be configured as a master device for both devices to peacefully co-exist on the same IDE channel.
The other option is two setup both storage devices using the CS (Cable Select) method, in which the orientation of the cable determines how the drives function inside of the computer. Both devices must be configured for cable select or neither will function properly with the system. There is also some performance loss when using the cable select designation, so it is advisable to use to always use one of the other two drive designations for the setup
For the purpose of this tutorial, the hard disk drive being installed will be setup as a single storage device, thus it will use the master designation.
The next step is to configure the jumpers on the hard disk drive. To complete this task you will need a pair of needle nose pliers or a pair of tweezers to remove the jumper cap that is already installed on the hard drive.
If there is no jumper cap installed you will need to obtain one of the appropriate size and place it on the pins to configure the device as the master.
Be careful when removing the jumper cap; you should grip the tweezers by both hands and use just enough force to remove the cap and place it on the new set of pins. Be careful not to use too much force as this might cause the pins to become bent and may damage the hardware.
If your drive is not setup to use the master designation, carefully remove the jumper cap located on the back of the hard drive.
Place the jumper cap on the correct pins so that the hard drive is designated as the master device.
The Maxtor drive being installed has been setup to use the Master designation and for the purpose of this tutorial we will keep it like that. However, if you want the drive to work with other storage devices you will need to configure the drive accordingly. Consult the manual that accompanied your hard drive for further information.
Click here for a document detailing various jumper settings for a wide variety of hard disk drives.