Cables and Connectors Cases CD-ROM and Optical storage mediums Central Processing Units Floppy disk drives Hard disk drives Computer memory Modems and routers Computer monitors  
Go To The Computer Tutorials Website Go To The PC Reference Library Website Go To The Frequently Asked Computer Questions Website Go To The Technology World Blog Go To The Forums Website
View The Website Map To Help You Navigate Around This Website Site Map View Advertising Information About How You can Advertise Your Products or Services With Technology World. Advertising Interested In Making a Donation To Technology World? Click here to find out how! Donations Interested In Making a Donation To Technology World? Click here to find out how! Articles At A Glance
Jump To:
Search:
Home > Installation Tutorials > How To Install a Socket 478 Central Processing Unit
On This Page:
 
Mainboards Logo  
 
Document Details:
Title: How To Install a Socket 478 Central Processing Unit
Author: Michael J. Casimir
Categories: Hardware Installations
Central Processing Units; Intel Pentium IV Socket 478 Chips
# Of Pages: 1 Creation Date: Sunday, November 30, 2008 7:14 PM
Skill Level: Intermediate Last Modified: Saturday, August 10, 2013 5:53 PM


Document Details


Article Overview


Hardware Installation Procedures


Configuring Through The BIOS


Configuring Through The Operating System


Downloadable Formats
 
Article Overview [ Top ]
Learning Objectives:
The following learning objectives are presented in this article:
Learn how to remove an existing central processing unit.
Learn the basics for a successful installation, by learning how to apply thermal grease / compound mechanism to help control the tempeature of the processor.
Learn how to mount the CPU properly within the CPU socket.
Learn the basics of how to install a Pentium IV compatible heatsink and CPU fan.
[ Top of Page ]
 
Hardware Installation Procedures
Determine Socket Type of Processor Being Installed

Notes on Intel®Hyper-Threading Technology

1. This motherboard supports Intel® Pentium 4 CPUs with
Hyper-Threading Technology.

2. Hyper-Threading Technology is supported under Windows® XP and Linux 2.4.x (kernel) and later versions only. Under Linux, use the Hyper-Threading compliler to compile the code. If you are using any other operating systems, disable the Hyper-Threading Technology item in BIOS to ensure system stability and performance.

3. It is recommended that you install Windows® XP Service Pack 1.

4. Make sure to enable the Hyper-Threading Technology item in BIOS before installing a supported operating system.

5.  For more information on Hyper-Threading Technology, visit
www.intel.com/info/hyperthreading.

To use the Hyper-Threading Technology on this motherboard:

1. Buy an Intel® Pentium  4 CPU that supports Hyper-Threading Technology. Install the CPU.

2. Power up the system and enter BIOS Setup (see Chapter 4). Under the Advanced Menu, make sure that the item Hyper-Threading Technology is set to Enabled. The item appears only if you installed a CPU that supports Hyper-Threading Technology.

3. Reboot the computer.

The motherboard being used (an Asus P4P800E Deluxe) comes with a surface mount 478-pin Zero Insertion Force (ZIF) socket designed for the Intel® Pentium 4 processor. Take note of the marked corner (with gold triangle) on the CPU. This mark should match a specific corner on the socket to ensure correct installation
[ Top of Page ]
Installing the CPU

Follow these steps to install the CPU.

1. Locate the 478-pin ZIF socket on the motherboard.

[ Top of Page ]
Unlocking The Socket

2. Unlock the socket by pressing the lever sideways, then lift it up to an angle.

[ Top of Page ]
Position The Processor Above The Socket



The CPU fits only in one correct orientation. DO NOT force the CPU
into the socket to prevent bending the pins and damaging the CPU!

3. Position the CPU above the
socket such that its marked
corner matches the base of the
socket lever.

4. Carefully insert the CPU into the socket until it fits in place.

[ Top of Page ]
Secure The CPU Using The Socket Lever


After installation, make sure to plug-in the 4-pin ATX power cable to the motherboard.



5. When the CPU is in place, push down the socket lever to secure the CPU. The lever clicks on the side tab to indicate that it is locked.



[ Top of Page ]

Installing the Heatsink and Fan

[ Top of Page ]

Follow these steps to install the CPU heatsink and fan.



CPU Heatsink Retention Module Base

1. Place the heatsink on top of the installed CPU, making sure that the heatsink fits properly on the retention module base.

The retention module base is already installed on the motherboard upon purchase.

You do not have to remove the retention module base when installing the CPU or installing other motherboard components.

Your boxed Intel® Pentium 4 processor package should come with installation instructions for the CPU, heatsink, and the retention mechanism. If the instructions in this section do not match the CPU documentation, follow the latter.

The Intel® Pentium  4 Processor requires a specially designed heatsink and fan assembly to ensure optimum thermal condition and performance.

When you buy a boxed Intel® Pentium 4 processor, the package includes the heatsink, fan, and retention mechanism.

In case you buy a CPU eparately, make sure that you use only Intel®-certified heatsink and fan.

 

Secure the Heatsink and Cpu Fan to the Motherboard
[ Top of Page ]

When installing the CPU fan you must ensure that the heatsink and fan are inserted in the correct orientation, otherwise it will not be secured properly to the motherboard.

You will also want to make certain that the CPU fan power cable can reach the appropriate connector on the motherboard. This connector normally consists of two pins, and is situated very closely to the CPU socket.

There are four screws that secure a Pentium IV heatsink and CPU fan to the motherboard. Using any standard slot head screwdriver attach the CPU fan to the motherboard by gently screwing it into the appropriate holes on the motherboard.

Keep the retention locks lifted upward while fitting the retention mechanism to the module base.

Position the fan with the retention mechanism on top of the heatsink.
Align and snap the four hooks of the retention mechanism to the holes
on each corner of the module base.

Make sure that the fan and retention mechanism assembly perfectly
fits the heatsink and module base, otherwise you cannot snap the
hooks into the holes

Push down the locks on the retention mechanism to secure the heatsink and fan to the module base. When secure, the retention locks should point to opposite directions.

Connecting the CPU Fan Cable

[ Top of Page ]

When the fan, heatsink, and the retention mechanism are in place, connect the CPU fan cable to the connector on the motherboard labeled
CPU_FAN.

Do not forget to connect the CPU fan connector! Hardware monitoring
errors may occur if you fail to plug this connector.

 
Configuring Through The BIOS
Assuming everything has been configured correctly after your computer restarts your BIOS will detect the newly installed hardware.
 
Configuring Through The Operating System
Assuming everything has been configured correctly after your computer restarts your operating system will detect the newly installed hardware.
The second part of the installation is to determine if the processor has been successfuly installed.



To determine the status of the CPU plug in the power cable to your computer and any other cables that were unplugged before the installation.

Turn on the computer and if the system shows you a BIOS screen the processor has been successfully installed. If your screen is completely black, then the processor has not been inserted properly.
 
Downloadable Formats
This article can be downloaded as a PDF file for offline viewing and printing. To view this file you will need to download and install a program that is capable of reading PDF files.
This area is currently underconstruction.
 
Overview:

Before installing your CPU please shut down your computer and unplug all cables attached to the back of your computer. These include power and monitor cables, your keyboard and mouse.

AD Browse For More PC Hardware Information: AD
PCGuide Index Menu
     
Cables and Connectors Cases CD-ROM and Optical storage mediums Central Processing Units Floppy disk drives Hard disk drives Computer memory Modems and routers Computer monitors