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Central processing units are the brains behind any computer system.Provides a comparison look into the various types of micro processor CPU characteristics with comparison between Intel Pentium and AMD based CPU microchips.
 
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Central processing units are the brains behind any computer system.These series of pages provide specific information about the technicialities behind various Intel and AMD based processors.
How To Install A Dual Core Pentium IV Central Processing Unit
howtoupgradesymbol.gifThis document will outline the steps required to successfully install a Pentium IV based central processing unit. You will learn the basics of how to aply thermal compound to prevent overheating. You will also learn the proper procedure for mounting the CPU fan into the processor socket.
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Complete guide to Central Processing Units
Go to illustrated section Introductions Go to illustrated section Principles Of The CPU Go to illustrated section Evolution Of The CPU Go to illustrated section Overclocking
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Go to illustrated section Overclocking Basics Go to illustrated section CPU Cooling Fans Go to illustrated section CPU Heatsinks Go to illustrated section CPU Fan Installation
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Evolution Of The Microprocessor

Introduction

Since everything done on the computer is controlled by the processor's design and architecture in some way or another, the fundamental changes in the processor that have occurred over the past decade will be explained within this series of pages.

Technology has permitted chip manufacturer's to design and manufacturer newer, better, and faster processors. Obsolete processors such as the 384, 486, and Pentium marked evolutions in technology, the inventions of newer chips permitted the introduction to GUI based interfaces and the ability to combine sound and video into a sole unit, a term also known as multimedia.

While the sizes, shapes, and complexities of central processing units have changed extraordinarily over the past three decades, the principles of all processor remain the same. The processor is there to control how data flows through a computer system, and where it should go after it's done required calculations.

The growing demands of better hardware and software, make the demand for a faster processor extremely high. The following table provides a comparison based look at the evolution of the central processing unit and their appropriate specifications. To get more information about a specific CPU type, click on the desired processor label in the first column shown in the chart below.

Intel Processors Comparison Table

  Processor label as determined by manufacturer Generation of processor as determined by manufacturer Year processor was released. Data and address bus widths. Internal cache memory
The generation of Intel processors. 8088 1st 1979 8 / 20 bit None 4.77 - 8 4.77 - 8
8086 1st 1978 16 / 20 bit None 4.77 - 8 4.77 - 8
80286 2nd 1982 16 / 24 bit None 6 - 20 6 - 20
80386DX 3rd 1985 32 / 32 bit None 16 - 33 16 - 33
80386SX 4th 1988 16 / 32 bit 8K 16 - 33 16 - 33
80486DX 4th 1989 32 / 32 bit 8K 25 - 50 25 - 50
80486SX 4th 1989 32 / 32 bit 8K 25 - 50 25 - 50
80486DX2 4th 1992 32 / 32 bit 8K 25 - 40 50 - 80
80486DX4 4th 1994 64 / 32 bit 8K + 8K 25 - 40 75 - 120
Pentium 5th 1993 64 / 32 bit 8K + 8K 60 - 66 60 - 200
Pentium MMX 5th 1997 64 / 32 bit 16K + 16K 66 166 - 233
Pentium Pro 6th 1995 64 / 36 bit 8K + 8K 66 150 - 200
Pentium II 6th 1997 64 / 36 bit 16K + 16K 66 233 - 400
Celeron   1998 32 / 64 bit     266 - 2800
Pentium III 7th 1999 64 / 36 bit 16K + 16K 66 450 - 500
Pentium IV            
Pentium IV ht*            
Pentium IV dc*            
ht = with Hyper Threading Technology
* = Generation of processor as indicated by manufacturer
dc = with Dual Core Technology
 

AMD Processors Comparison Table
  Processor label as determined by manufacturer Generation of processor as determined by manufacturer Year processor was released. Data and address bus widths. Internal cache memory Memory bus of processor. Clock speed of processor
The generation of Intel processors. AMD K6   1997 32 / 32 32 + 32 kb 66 166, 200, 233
AMD K7            
AMD K8            
AMD K10            
AMD Fusion            
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
ht = with Hyper Threading Technology
* = Generation of processor as indicated by manufacturer
dc = with Dual Core Technology
 

Table 1.1 - A Comparison Of All AMD Processors


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How To Install A Central Processing Unit (CPU) In A Pentium IV Based Desktop
This document will outline the basic steps neccessary to install a CPU. You will learn why thermal grease is needed to disipate heat from within a system and how to install A CPU heatsink and CPU fan properly in a desktop computer.
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How To Troubleshoot A Bad Central Processing Unit (CPU)
This document will outline basic troubleshooting steps you can complete when you suspect your CPU fails or the system cannot boot at all or you see no video output when your computer is first powered on.
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These series of pages provide specific information about the technicialities behind various Intel and AMD based processors.